Five species of Serpocaulon are reported to grow on Santa Catarina Island (S. catharinae, S. latipes, S. meniscifolium, S. triseriale, and S. vacillans). I believe this collection is S. latipes because it is terrestrial, has a greenish rhizome (which is only slightly rugose when dry), and laminae that are pinnatisect and glabrous. However, I did not find scales at the costule bases (see image below). Labiak and Prado (New Combinations in Serpocaulon and a Provisional Key for the Atlantic Rain Forest Species. Amer. Fern J. 98:139–159 [2008]) state that there is a lot of variation in this species because it occurs in many habitats. 

Collection Data (N. P. Smith 458)

Classification & Common Names

General Collection Data
  • Date: 08-I-2014
  • Primary Collector & #: N. P. Smith 458
  • Collection Party:
  • Det. History: N. Smith, 2014; F. Matos (confirmed from photo), 2014
  • Habitat: Secondary Forest
  • Habit: Terrestrial
  • Specimen Locations:
Additional Comments

Growing in sandy soil on side of trail.

Collection Location